The Essential Blood tests to diagnose PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is a common hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It can lead to various health issues such as diabetes, heart diseases, and infertility. Diagnosing PCOS accurately is crucial to managing the condition effectively. One of the ways to do so is through blood tests.  

Hormone Testing
PCOS is a condition characterized by hormonal imbalances. A blood test to measure hormone levels is an essential diagnostic tool for PCOS. The hormone levels tested include testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), luteinizing hormone (LH), Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and estrogen. These tests help to identify the hormonal imbalances present in women with PCOS.

Blood Sugar Testing
Insulin resistance is common among women with PCOS and it can lead to type 2 diabetes if left untreated. A fasting blood sugar test or an oral glucose tolerance test is recommended to check for elevated blood sugar levels. A glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test can also measure your average blood sugar levels over a few months.

Lipid Profile
Women with PCOS are at increased risk of developing high cholesterol levels, which can lead to cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, a lipid profile test is crucial to assess the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. High levels of Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in particular can increase the risk of heart disease.

Complete Blood Count (CBC)
A CBC is a routine blood test that provides information about various elements in the blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This test will help to identify any underlying conditions or disorders that may contribute to symptoms of PCOS.

Thyroid Testing
PCOS can cause an imbalance in thyroid hormone levels. Hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone) is common in women with PCOS. A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test can check for an overactive or underactive thyroid.

In summary, the blood tests mentioned above are the most essential tests to diagnose PCOS and assess associated health risks. If you have been experiencing symptoms such as irregular periods, weight gain, acne, and hair growth, it is important to visit your doctor and discuss your options. Ampath Labs provides the required blood tests if you need to undergo testing. Remember, early diagnosis and treatment of PCOS can help improve your overall health and quality of life.