Everything You Need to Know About Stool Test

Stool test, also known as fecal analysis, is a diagnostic test that examines a patient's stool sample to identify any infections, diseases, or disorders in the digestive tract. It is a non-invasive procedure that requires a small stool sample, which is collected and analyzed in a laboratory. The test is commonly recommended by healthcare providers to diagnose causes of diarrhea and other digestive tract problems. 

Purpose of Stool Test
The primary purpose of a stool test is to identify any abnormalities in the digestive tract. The test can detect various infections, parasites, viruses, and bacteria that cause digestive conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, and celiac disease. The test can also identify conditions such as colon cancer and pancreatitis, as well as digestive conditions caused by antibiotics or chemotherapy.

Procedure of Stool Test
A stool test is easy to perform and can be done in the comfort of the patient's home. A stool container is provided by the physician or laboratory for stool collection. The container is designed to minimize exposure to air, which can alter the sample. Before collecting the sample, the patient should avoid taking any medication or supplements that may affect the test results. The sample is then analyzed in a laboratory to identify any abnormalities in the digestive tract. The procedure is quick and painless, and the results are typically available within a few days.

Types of Stool Test
There are several types of stool tests available, and the type of test recommended by a physician depends on the symptoms and underlying conditions of a patient. Some common types of stool tests include the Ova and Parasites test, which detects parasites and worms in the digestive tract, and the faecal occult blood test, which measures the presence of blood in the stool, a possible sign of cancer. Other tests include the culture test, which identifies bacterial or viral infections, and the pancreatic function test, which checks the pancreas for enzyme deficiencies.

Results of Stool Test
After the stool sample has been analyzed, the laboratory will provide a report of the findings to the physician. The test results will show any infections, parasites, viruses, or bacteria present in the digestive tract, as well as any other abnormalities. The physician will then use this information to recommend the appropriate treatment plan for the patient.


A stool test is a valuable diagnostic test that can help identify various health issues in the digestive tract, ranging from infections to more serious illnesses like colon cancer. The procedure is non-invasive, quick, and painless. If you are experiencing any digestive issues, consider consulting with your healthcare provider or visiting Ampath labs for the required tests available. Early detection of digestive disorders is vital for effective treatment and recovery.