Is Low Blood Pressure Better Than High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure has been linked to many health problems, including heart disease, stroke and kidney failure. This has caused a lot of people to focus on keeping their blood pressure low. However, the question remains, is low blood pressure better than high blood pressure?  

Blood pressure is the force which pushes blood around your body. It is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and is expressed in two numbers; systolic (the top number) which measures pressure in the arteries when the heart beats, and diastolic (the bottom number) which measures the pressure when the heart is at rest, between beats. Normal blood pressure is considered to be around 120/80 mmHg.

Low blood pressure, or hypotension, is when your systolic blood pressure drops below 90 mmHg or your diastolic blood pressure drops below 60 mmHg. It can cause symptoms, such as dizziness, fainting, and confusion. Low blood pressure can be caused by a range of factors, such as dehydration, certain medications, or blood loss.

On the other hand, high blood pressure, or hypertension, is when your systolic blood pressure exceeds 140 mmHg or your diastolic blood pressure exceeds 90 mmHg. It is a serious health condition that can increase your risk of heart attacks, strokes, and kidney failure. High blood pressure can be caused by a range of factors, such as obesity, a lack of exercise, or a high-sodium diet.

Having a blood pressure that’s too low or too high is associated with certain risks. Low blood pressure can increase your risk of fainting, falls, and injury. It can also lead to reduced blood flow to vital organs which can cause organ damage. High blood pressure can cause a range of health problems including heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. It can also lead to vision problems and cognitive decline.

In conclusion, it's not a case of whether low blood pressure is better than high blood pressure. Maintaining a healthy blood pressure is key to reducing your risk of health problems. Being aware of your own blood pressure and making changes to your lifestyle can help with this. This includes maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, reducing salt intake, and avoiding excessive alcohol consumption. If you are concerned about your blood pressure, speak to your healthcare provider, who can advise you further.